PEEL assessments

Part of: Behind the frontline Police ethics and accountability Policing on the beat Protecting people from violence and abuse

PEEL (police effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy) is our regular assessment of police forces in England and Wales. We use inspection findings, analysis and our professional judgment to assess how good forces are in several areas of policing. Most of these areas are then graded as outstanding, good, adequate, requires improvement or inadequate.

You can find the reports and grades on the PEEL assessments page.


Since 2014, the PEEL programme has assessed the performance of all 43 police forces in England and Wales.

We continuously adapt our approach. In 2021/22 we made the most significant changes yet, having moved to a more intelligence-led, continual assessment approach, rather than the annual PEEL inspections we did in previous years.

You can see how your police force has performed in the PEEL assessments by selecting it on our map of England and Wales.

As well as carrying out PEEL inspections, HMICFRS undertakes inspections of specific subjects or services, known as thematic inspections. These examine certain aspects of policing in greater depth, identifying problems and good practice, and providing detailed judgments.

Thematic inspections complement and contribute to the PEEL continuous assessment programme.

Find out more about PEEL

Read in more detail about how we inspect and assess forces for the PEEL assessments.