Values and culture in fire and rescue services
This spotlight report focuses on the values and culture in all 44 fire and rescue services in England, based on our existing evidence.
In our report, we give particular focus to evidence collected from our second full round of inspections, which took place in 2021 and 2022.
Inspectors found examples of racist, homophobic and misogynistic behaviour in a quarter of fire and rescue services in England, with such behaviour often excused as banter.
There were allegations of bullying in all services, with some significantly worse than others.